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Thoracic Chest Wall Tumour

What is a Chest Wall Tumour?

The chest cavity is a cage which is made up of bone and muscle,and holds the lungs, heart and other vital organs. Sometimes there are tumours which arise on the chest wall, which covers the chest cavity. It known like all other tumours like the chest wall tumour have said to be malignant(cancerous)or benign(non-cancerous) which may originate in the chest wall, or spread elsewhere. Only about 5% of the chest wall tumours are said to be cancerous. Either ways tumours would interfere with the body functioning.

What are the Symptoms of a Chest Wall Tumour?

The symptoms of chest wall tumours are:
  • Impaired movement
  • Swelling
  • Pain or soreness in the chest area
  • A lump or bump protruding from the chest
Chest wall tumours which are benign may cause:
  • Pain
  • Muscle atrophy
  • A lump or bump protruding from the chest

What Causes Chest Wall Tumours?

There is no reason as to why chest wall tumours occur, even though you keep a healthy diet and lifestyle, choices as well as family history, however there is no specific reason.

Diseases & Conditions

Chest Wall Tumours - Diagnostic Procedures

How are Chest Wall Tumours Diagnosed?

The following test are run to detect chest wall tumours:

  • An Chest X-ray
  • Computed Tomography (CT) scan
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scan
  • Stress test

The oncologist would take a biopsy (tissue sample) to confirm, the presence of cancerous cells.

Computed Tomography (CT) Scan

The doctor will order a CT scan so that he can see a 2-dimensional image of the body, including a view of the lymph nodes. The would advise you not to eat or drink anything for 4-6 hours before the test so that the contrast dye which is used to improve the computer image. Make sure to tell your provider, prior to the test if you have any allergies or if you have any kind of kidney problems.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

An MRI is done so that, images of the body structure in multiple places can be captured, this is a test which uses a magnetic field, radio frequency pulses, and a computer to produce detailed images. To perform the test you will lie on a moving table as pictures are taken. MRI is a more detailed tool than an X-ray and an ultrasound, and also for certain organs or areas of the body,it provides better images than a CT. MRI may not be recommended if you have a pacemaker or any other metal implant.

Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scan

A PET scan is usually used to detect cellular reactions to sugar. When this test is done abnormal cells ten to react and "light up" on the scan,which helps the physician to diagnose a variety of conditions. An harmless chemical, called a radio-tracer, is injected into your blood stream. Once the chemical, moves through your body, you will lie on a table while a scanner follows the radio-tracer and sends a three-dimensional images to a computer screen. The physician, generally asked to wear comfortable clothing and refrain from eating for 4 hours before the scan. Please inform your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Patients who have diabetes should discuss diet guidelines with the physician for ten hours leading up to the scan.

Stress Test

A stress test, is done to gain more information, about how your heart is functioning, during the exercise. The physician will monitor your heartbeat and blood flow as you walk on the treadmill, and will then be able to diagnose any problems as well as plan treatment.

How are Chest Wall Tumours Treated?

Chest wall tumours are treated with:
  • Microwave Ablation
  • Radiation
  • Chemotherapy
  • Tumour Resection (Surgery)
  • Radio-frequency Ablation

Chemotherapy

Using chemotherapeutic drugs to kill cancer cells may be used before or after surgery, alone, or in combination with other treatments such as radiation treatment. These medications are usually given intravenously but may occasionally be given in pill form.

Microwave Ablation

This transmits heat from radio waves to kill cancer cells.

Radiation

This is given prior to or, after the surgery alone or in a combination with chemotherapy. The high-energy waves are applied to the neck,chest or abdominal areas(depending where the cancer is located) to kill these cancer cells.

Radio frequency Ablation (RFA)

Radio frequency ablation, which burns the tumour with a high-frequency electric current.

Tumour Resection (Surgery)

When the surgeon removes (re-sects) some or all of a tumour.