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Mediasternial Tumour Resection

What is Mediastinal Tumour Resection?

This is a surgery, done to remove tumours in the area of the chest cavity which separates the lungs.

Why Mediastinal Tumours Resection is Performed

Reasons for Procedure

The cancerous tumour, must be removed to keep it from further spreading. Without treatment, or removal the cancer would spread to various parts of the body. The cancer, can also compress on organs in the chest, such as the heart, lungs, or oesophagus.

Patients, who do undergo surgery, often have a better prognosis that those who receive either radiation or chemotherapy.

Mediastinal Tumour Resection Risk Factors

Possible Complications

The complications, are rare but no procedure is complete free of risks. If you are planning to go for a mediastinal tumour resection, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which would include.

The damaged, areas which surround the tumour,including the heart,lungs, and spinal cord.

Fluid which collects between , the lung tissue lining and the wall of the chest cavity.

Drainage,infection,or bleeding.

Mediastinal Tumour Resection Details

What to Expect Prior to Procedure

Before the surgery, the doctor may d the following:

  • X-ray-test which is used to take pictures, of the structures inside the body
  • MRI scan-the test which uses magnetic waves to make pictures of structures inside the body
  • CT-scan this is a type of x-ray which uses a computer to make pictures of the inside of he body.
  • Physical exam
  • Blood tests

Leading up to the surgery:

You would need to talk to your doctor about your medication. The doctor would ask you to stop taking some of the medicines up to a week before the procedure,like anti-inflammatory drugs(eg. Aspirin). Blood thinners, like clopidogrel (Plavix) or warfarin (Coumadin)

The doctor would advise you to eat light meal before the surgery. Do not drink or eat anything after midnight.

Anaesthesia

General anaesthesia, is used so that you do not feel any pain and keeps you asleep during the surgery.

Description of the Procedure

A breathing tube would be given to you, so that you are able to breathe, and also an IV would be used, so that the medications can be administered to you.

To remove the tumour, the doctor will make a large or a central incision in the chest or, several small incisions, if it is necessary to make several small incisions, the surgeon would a camera which would allow the doctor to view the area via monitor. Through the other incisions, surgical tools will be inserted.

The doctor would insert a tube in your chest, the tubes will help drain the fluid and air from the chest cavity. The incisions will be closed with staples, or stitches.

Immediately After Procedure

The tube which was given to you to breathe, would be removed, and your will be monitored closely for any complication which, may arise during this procedure.

How Long Will It Take?

The surgery would take about 1-4 hours (depending on the type of surgery)

How Much Will It Hurt?

The doctor will administer anaesthesia during the surgery to ease the pain. The doctor will administer pain medication,as the surgical area is tender.

Average Hospital Stay

The usual stay in the hospital for the surgery is about 4 days. The doctor may choose to keep you longer if complications arise.

Post-procedure Care

After the surgery, you would need chemotherapy or, radiation therapy.

While you are recovering at the hospital the doctor would only advise , a clear liquid diet. You will be instructed to practice deep breathing & coughing to help your lungs to recover.

When you are home, be sure to follow your doctor's instructions, including:

  • Avoid lifting heavy objects
  • Do not drive for 4-6 weeks
  • Your can increase your activity gradually. This will help you to recover fully.

When to Contact Doctor About Mediastinal Tumour Resection

Call Your Doctor
  • If your experience any kind of infection, which includes fever and chills.
  • If you experience any kind of redness swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or any kind of discharge from the incision site.
  • Pain which is intense , and cannot be controlled, even with medications.
  • Cough, or difficulty, in breathing or chest pain,
  • Cough, difficulty breathing, or chest pain
  • Nausea/or vomiting persistently
  • Loss of appetite
  • Swelling in the feet, or calves or legs.
  • Any other type of symptoms.