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Bullous Disease of Lung

Overview

Bullous Lung Disease is the most common form of emphysema. It is characterized by abnormal and enlarged air spaces within the lungs, combined with the deterioration of alveolar tissue. The term "apical" indicated that the disease is located in the upper part of the lungs.

Symptoms

Emphysematous bullae cause many respiratory problems such as shortness of breath. Patients with this illness are easily fatigued during physical activities as the body cannot take in the normal amount of oxygen that it requires.

Bullous Lung Disease leads to all types of infections, which is why it is important for people who are being treated with the illness to take antibiotics.

Causes

The most common cause of Bullous Lung Disease is cigarette smoking. It is a well known fact that smoking causes the development of bullae along with other pulmonary diseases, such as respiratory bronchitis and chronic bronchitis, which is associated interstitial lung disease. Marijuana abuse is also linked to the Bullous Lung Disease. The fact that marijuana users inhale and hold in smoke in the lungs for a much longer period than tobacco users makes them more susceptible to the illness. There have also been cases where mine workers and other coal-related workers have also been affected by the disease.